New Boston is a town located in Southern New Hampshire in the Merrimack Valley region of the state. It is situated in the central part of Hillsborough County and encompasses a total area of 43.2 square miles, .4 of which is water. As of the 2010 United States Census, New Boston was home to 5,321 people.
The land that comprises New Boston was originally granted in 1736 by Governor Jonathan Belcher. The town was intended to be called Lanestown or Piscataquog Township, but settlers ended up naming it New Boston, as most local families hailed from Boston, Massachusetts. The town was officially incorporated as a town in 1763 by Governor Benning Wentworth. In its early years, New Boston was primarily a mill town, boasting 25 sawmills, six grain mills and multiple clothing, carding and bark mills.
Less than 1 percent of New Boston’s total area is made up of water. It includes parts of the Piscataquog River, and its highest point lies at Joe English Hill, where elevation reaches 1,285 feet above sea level. The town is served by New Hampshire Routes 13, 17 and 136, as well as Interstate 293. New Boston is also home to the New Boston Air Force Station and the New Boston Fairgrounds, which host the annual Hillsborough County Fair.
New Boston is governed by an elected Board of Selectmen. The town boasts a full-time and part-time police department, a volunteer fire department and volunteer emergency medical services. Top employers in the area include Kik’s Restaurant, Strong Beginnings Learning Center, Daniel?s Garage, Mr. Gee’s Tire Corp., Dodge’s General Store, Dodge Farms and TD Bank.
Children in the area attend schools in School Administrative Unit 19, which also serves the nearby towns of Dunbarton and Goffstown. For recreation and entertainment, New Boston residents can take advantage of the town?s municipal parks, tennis courts, youth organizations, sports leagues, campgrounds, fishing and hunting areas, snowmobile and bicycle trails and cross country skiing areas.